If you have a problem with your spine, nonsurgical options will always be considered. Although it may be possible to treat many spinal conditions without the use of surgery, there are times when surgery is necessary. The following are some of the more common types of surgeries that are performed by our physicians.
Lumbar Discectomy- When a herniated disc is putting pressure on a nerve in the area, a lumbar discectomy removes the part of the disc that is causing the problem. This particular surgery occurs in the lower spine, known as the lumbar region.
Cervical Discectomy- Similar to the procedure discussed above, a cervical discectomy is performed when a herniated disc is placing pressure on a nearby nerve. This procedure takes part in the cervical area of the spine, which is the neck. Your doctor may also consider fusing the vertebrae in the area as well.
Laminectomy-This procedure is often provided to help give relief to individuals who are suffering from recurrent disc herniation or if a problem with scar tissue exists in the area. Spinal stenosis may also be a problem that is addressed through a laminectomy. During this procedure, the bone that is covering over the spinal canal, known as the lamia, is either partially or fully removed. It helps to provide additional space when necessary and could also give access to the area for the removal of a tumor or bone spur.
Fusion-This procedure is often given after a discectomy, in which part of the intervertebral disc is removed. In order to help shore up the area and to provide some stability, two adjacent vertebrae are fused together. This is typically done by inserting a small bone wedge between the vertebrae and eventually, they will grow together to form one solid mass. Not only can it help to provide stability and increase flexibility, it can help to limit pain. At times, bone morphogenetic protein, which is a bone growth substance, is used instead of real bone.
Minimal Access Spinal Technologies-One consideration for any type of spinal surgery is that it be minimally invasive. There are a number of minimally invasive procedures available that will be able to accomplish the same job that was done with a more invasive procedure. It helps to reduce recovery time and there are typically fewer complications associated with surgery that is minimally invasive.
Scoliosis-There may be a number of different treatments available for scoliosis but in some cases, surgery is necessary. During the surgical procedure, the curve in the spine can be stabilized and even corrected. It involves the insertion of rods and screws along with hooks in order to produce the straightening effect. After the scoliosis surgery, fusion surgery may be provided.
Spinal Cord Stimulator-In some instances, the back pain may not be able to be corrected through the use of other types of surgery or nonsurgical techniques. One of the options that may be available is the insertion of a spinal cord stimulator, which can interrupt the pain signals through the use of a small electrical current.